Closing costs are part of buying a home. Your lender and real estate agent should have discussed these costs at the start of your home search. While not exact, you should be able to calculate a fairly accurate estimate, so you’re not surprised. It is important to know that closing costs vary by location. For example, some states require an attorney to close a sale instead of the title company.

When you buy or sell a property, you will typically be responsible for a number of fees and charges known as “closing costs”. These costs can vary widely depending on where you are buying or selling, the value of the property, and a number of other factors. In this article, we will take a closer look at closing costs, what they include, and what you need to know about them.

What Are Closing Costs?

What are closing costs? Closing costs are the fees and expenses that are associated with the final stages of a real estate transaction. These costs are typically paid by the buyer or the seller, and they can include a wide range of charges. Some of the most common types of closing costs include:

  1. Title search and insurance: Before a property can be sold, the title needs to be searched to ensure that there are no liens or other encumbrances that could affect the sale. Title insurance is also usually purchased to protect the buyer in case there are any problems with the title.
  2. Appraisal fees: Lenders will often require an appraisal of the property to determine its value.
  3. Inspection fees: Buyers will usually hire a home inspector to look for any potential issues with the property.
  4. Origination fees: This fee is charged by lenders for processing the loan application.
  5. Attorney fees: If a lawyer is involved in the transaction, there may be fees associated with their services.
  6. Transfer taxes: Some states and localities charge a tax when a property is sold.
  7. Recording fees: These fees are charged by the government for recording the sale of the property.
  8. Prepaid expenses: Buyers may need to pay for items like property taxes, homeowners insurance, and other expenses in advance.

Some of these fees may not impact your closing costs. If you have an HOA fee, that may change depending on the time of the month of your closing. Homeowner’s insurance rates can also vary. Based on your location things like pest inspection, lead-based paint inspection, or flood determination fees can be part of your closing costs. A good estimate for closing costs is between 3-4% of your mortgage. When you’re determining your initial budget, you should have this number – even before you begin your home search.

Closing Cost Fees Explained

Who pays closing costs? In most cases, the buyer is responsible for paying the majority of the closing costs. However, the seller may also be required to pay certain fees, such as the commission for the real estate agent. In some cases, the buyer and seller may negotiate to split the closing costs between them.

How much are closing costs?

Closing costs can vary widely depending on a number of factors. In general, buyers can expect to pay between 2% and 5% of the purchase price in closing costs. For example, if you are buying a $300,000 home, you can expect to pay between $6,000 and $15,000 in closing costs.

It is important to note that the exact amount of closing costs will depend on a number of factors, such as the location of the property, the type of loan you are getting, and the specific services that are required for the transaction.

How can you reduce closing costs?

While closing costs can add up quickly, there are a few things that you can do to help reduce the amount you have to pay. Here are some tips:

  1. Shop around for lenders: Different lenders may offer different rates and fees, so it is important to compare your options to find the best deal.
  2. Negotiate with the seller: In some cases, the seller may be willing to cover some of the closing costs to help make the sale go through.
  3. Ask for a loan estimate: Lenders are required to provide a loan estimate that outlines the costs associated with the loan. Make sure to review this document carefully and ask any questions you may have.
  4. Consider a no-closing-cost loan: Some lenders offer loans that do not require upfront closing costs, but may charge a slightly higher interest rate to compensate.


Depending on the market, a buyer can ask for seller concessions. This is asking the seller to pay some of your costs. Concessions can be home repairs or general closing costs. If you are using a VA Loan, sellers can only contribute up to 4% of the purchase price in paid concessions. As always, it is important to have an open dialogue with your lender to have the most accurate picture of your final closing costs.

In conclusion, closing costs can be a significant expense when buying or selling a property. It is important to understand what these costs include, who is responsible for paying them, and how much they are likely to be. By being aware of your options and taking steps to reduce your costs, you can help

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